- Recall unpleasant memories or events
“She’s constantly raking up old quarrels.”
- Increase the quantity or amount
“The company ramped up production to meet the demand.”
- Recite without effort or pause.
“Stella amazed everyone by reeling off all the phrasal verbs she had learned.”
- Count on; depend on; trust
“Don’t worry. You can rely on me. I can keep a secret.”
rig out (verb)
- Dress or equip.
“The old lady arrived all rigged out in her best clothes.”
ring back (also: call back)
- Return a phone call.
“John rang this morning and asked if you could ring him back.”
- End a phone call.
“The caller gave his name and then rang off.”
“Write it in pencil so that you can rub it out later if you want to change it.”
“The police are still investigating but they have ruled out political motives.”
- Be busy doing many different things.
“Julie has been running around all week getting ready for the wedding.”
- Run to the other side of something (a road, a bridge…).
“The pickpocket ran across the road and jumped onto a bus.”
- Chase something.
“Tom threw the ball along the beach and the dog ran after it.”
- Escape from a place or suddenly leave.
“He ran away from home at the age of fourteen.”
run into (also : bump into)
- Meet by accident or unexpectedly .
“Sophie ran into Maria at the shopping centre.”
- Continue without interruption.
“We didn’t expect the chairman’s speech to run on for so long.”
- Expire, come to an end.
“Let’s order now before the offer runs out.”
run out of
- Have no more of something.
“What a nuisance! We’ve run out of coffee.”
- Accumulate a debt.
“James ran up a large amount in hotel expenses at the trade fair.”
- Make something quickly.
“My mother can run up a pair of curtains in no time.”
run up against
- Encounter difficulties or problems.
“The property developer ran up against strong local opposition.”
- Make something smaller than originally intended.
“Due to the crisis the company had to scale down the size of the plant.”
- Manage to find or collect enough of something you need, usually money.
“We finally scraped together enough money to buy an old car.”
- Succeed with difficulty.
“How I scraped through the exam is still a mystery to me!”
- Start a journey.
“Early Saturday morning we set off for the ski slopes.”
- Start a business.
“Victoria set up her own company 10 years ago.”
- Accept something not quite satisfactory
“I was hoping for a better proposal but I’ll settle for the amount you offer.”
- Compare prices.
“It’s always wise to shop around before buying anything.”
- Brag or want to be admired.
“There’s Donald showing off in his new sports car!”
- Appear; arrive.
“We expected William to come but he didn’t show up.”
shut up (impolite)
- Be silent, stop talking.
“Oh shut up you idiot!”
- Give up one’s rights or ownership.
“He signed away his property and joined a religious community.”
- Register (e.g. at a hotel).
“As soon as we’ve signed in we’ll go and get something to eat .”
- Pay your bill and leave (e.g. a hotel).
“At 9 o’clock he signed out and left for the airport.”
sign over (to)
- Transfer ownership of something.
“He signed over the house to his two children.”
sign up (for)
- Enrol in an activity.
Emma signed up for a computer course.
sign up (with)
- Sign an agreement to work for somebody.
“Paul has signed up with a news agency.”
- Select for special attention.
“Two of the boys were singled out for extra coaching.
- Be fully understood.
“In spite of the detailed news reports, it took a while for the scale of the disaster to sink in.”
- Take a seat.
“Please come in and sit down.”
- Sleep later than usual.
“Tomorrow is Saturday, so I can sleep in!”
- Stay overnight at someone else’s home.
“You’re welcome to sleep over if you don’t want to drive in this weather.”
- Make a mistake.
“You slipped up there! His name is Alex, not Alan!”
- Decelerate; go more slowly.
“George! You’re going to cause an accident. Slow down!”
“She got a sponge to soak up the water.”
“We soaked up the sun all afternoon.”
- Get rid of the effects of too much alcohol.
“Jack decided to go for a long walk to sober up.”
- Organise, resolve a problem.
“There was a misunderstanding but Lea sorted it out.“
“Students should sort out their books at the end of the school year.”
- Accelerate; go faster.
“We need to speed up the registration procedure.”
- Represent, mean.
“VAT stands for value added tax.”
“There’s no way I’m going to stand for such bad behaviour!”
- Rise from a sitting position
“The pupils stood up when the headmaster arrived.”
stand up for
- Support or defend someone or something.
“You must learn to be assertive and stand up for your personal views.”
- Stay somewhere for some time.
“I’ll stick around until the end of the parade.”
- Come out.
“The speaker’s shirt was sticking out from his trousers.”
- Become noticeable.
“With that dress you’ll really stick out!“
- Continue without changing anything.
“We must decide on a plan of action and stick to it.”
- Support each other.
“Good friends always stick together.”
- Continue using or doing something.
“I’ll stick with this grammar book because it has everything I need.”