The list of words below is designed to help learners understand the language used in politics.

WordMeaning
Ballot
Ballot paper
Ballot box
A system of voting, especially secret. To vote by ballot.
Paper or card marked by a person who votes.
A box in which voters deposit their market ballots.
BillDraft of a proposed law to be discussed in parliament where it will be amended, passed or thrown out.
BipartisanInvolving two political parties.
CampaignPlanned activities in an organised effort to win an election.
CoalitionAlliance of two or more political parties, usually to form a government.
ConstitutionA statement of the fundamental principles and laws by which a country or state is governed.
Coup d’etatSudden, often violent, change of government when a group, such as the military, takes control.
DemocracyA form of government where elections are held and people vote for the candidate of their choice to represent them.
DictatorshipA form of government in which a single individual, who has often seized power by force, exercises political authority using arbitrary and oppressive methods.
DissolutionThe termination of the current parliament, which takes place before a general election.
ElectionThe process of voting for a candidate or representative.
ElectorateAll the people who can vote in an election.
Gerrymander
Gerrymandering
Rearrange the voting districts in order to ensure more votes for the party in power.
GovernmentA political body that exercises authority over a nation or state and has the power to make and enforce laws.
Grass rootsOrdinary people in a society, as opposed to those who are in power.
HustingsThe political activities, meetings and speeches that happen before an election.
IncumbentPerson currently holding an official position.
Landslide victoryWin an election with a large majority of votes.
LawA rule or regulation established by the government.
Lobby
Lobbying
Group of people who try to influence an elected official, or the act of doing so, generally to support or oppose proposed legislation.
MonarchySystem of government in which the head of state is a king or a queen.
NomineePerson chosen by a political party to run for election.
OppositionPolitical party or parties opposing the government.
PolicyPolitical party or parties opposing the government.
Political asylumProtection given by a State to a person who has left their own country because they oppose its government.
Political partyA political organisation with stated beliefs, aims and policies, that puts forward candidates in elections.
PoliticianPerson who has been elected and works professionally in politics.
PoliticsThe ideas and activities associated with the governing of a country, region, city, etc.
Poll1) Voting at an election.
2) A survey of public opinion by questioning a selection of people.
Polling dayThe day on which elections are held.
(The) polls
Polling station
Place where people vote.
Prime MinisterThe head of the government in a parliamentary political system.
RegimeSystem of government: a communist, fascist, etc. regime.
RepublicSystem of government in which power is held by elected representatives and an elected president.
Run for electionBe a candidate in an election.
Spin doctorA spokesperson who gives a favourable interpretation of events to the media, especially on behalf of a political personality or party.
TurnoutThe number of people who go to vote in an election.
VoteChoose a candidate in an election.