Homonyms include two sub categories: Homographs and Homophones.
 Homographs are words with the same spelling  but  a different meaning.
 Homophones are words with the same sound but have different meanings.

WORD HOMONYM EXAMPLE
HOMOGRAPH
(same spelling)
(graph=written)
HOMOPHONE
(same sound)
(phone=sound)
air   heir – I’m going out for some fresh air.
– George is the heir to the throne.
aloud   allowed – Children are not allowed in the casino.
– Could you read the letter aloud please?
ate   eight – The little boy ate all the biscuits.
– There were eight biscuits on the plate.
band band   – Keep them together with a rubber band.
– A band of thieves arrived in the area.
bank bank   – My salary is paid into my bank account.
– I often walk along the bank of the river.
bare   bear – The floor was bare, with not even a rug.
– Polar bears can be found in the Arctic Circle.
bark bark   – Some dogs bark a lot.
– Cork comes from the bark of a tree.
bat bat   – You need a bat to play baseball.
– A bat flies at night.
bread   bred – We need bread to make sandwiches.
– Charles was born and bred in England.
bow   bough – The actors bowed to the audience.
– A bough of the tree nearly touched the ground.
cell cell sell – The human body is composed of millions of cells.
– The prisoner was kept in a cell.
– The shop sells fruit and vegetables.
cent   sent
scent
– There are 100 cents in a dollar.
– His mother sent him to buy the newspaper.
– Do you like the scent of lavender?
cereal   serial – Alex has cereal for breakfast.
 Serials are popular on TV.
close close    Close the door please.
– The cinema is close to the church.
coarse   course – He wore a coarse woollen jacket.
– She is taking a course in Chinese.
dear   deer  Dear Mr. Brown.
– The female deer is called a doe.
die   dye – It’s very sad to die young.
– I’m going to dye my hair red.
eight   ate  Eight is the double of four.
– He ate everything on his plate.
fair fair fare – Our teacher is fair. She treats us all equally.
– The weather was quite fair all week.
– How much is the bus fare?
fan fan   – Did the Rolling Stones have many fans?
– It’s so hot!  Please turn on the fan.
fine fine   – My grandmother is feeling fine today.
– Jack got a fine for illegal parking.
flea   flee – Cats and dogs often get fleas.
– Hundreds of refugees are trying to flee the country.
flower   flour – My mother has a variety of flowers in her garden.
 Flour is used to make cakes and pastries.
great   grate – Tom! It’s great to see you!
 Grate cheese over the dish, then put it in the oven.
ground ground   – Julie loves the smell of ground coffee.
– The boy fell on the ground and hurt his knee.
hair   hare – She keeps her hair shoulder-length.
– A hare is a bit like a rabbit with longer ears.
hall haul – Let’s meet in the entrance hall in 30 mins.
– I had to haul my suitcase up 3 flights of stairs!
hanger hanger   – Each plane is in a separate hangar.
– Here’s a hanger to hang up your coat.
heal   heel – His wounds took quite some time to heal.
– I can’t walk in high heels!
hear   here – Did you hear what I said?
– Come here and look at this photograph!
hole   whole – The old man’s sweater was full of holes.
– Alex ate the whole bar of chocolate!
key   quai – I’d open the door if I had the key.
– A crowd on the quay waited for the boat to arrive
knight   night – The Knights of the Round Table.
– They worked day and night to finish the project.
know   no – “Do you know that man?”
– “No, I don’t.”
lie lie   – “Don’t lie to me. Tell me the truth!”
– “I’m going to lie down and have a rest.”
mail   male – The contract will be sent by mail.
– Human beings are either male or female.
mean mean   – What does ‘homonym’ mean?
– He’s wealthy but mean; he won’t make a donation.
meat   meet  Meat is an excellent source of protein.
– I suggest we meet at 12.30 for lunch tomorrow.
none   nun – We’ve eaten all the apples. There are none left.
– A nun takes religious vows and lives in a convent.
one   won – You can have one sweet only.
– Jack won the tennis match last week.
pail   pale – She used a pail of water to wash the dishes.
– “You look a bit pale. Are you feeling ok?”
pair   pear – “I need a pair of scissors to cut the thread.”
– In the fruit bowl there were apples and pears.
peace   piece – After years of civil war the people wanted peace.
– “Would you like a piece of chocolate?”
plain plain plane – She looked elegant in a plain simple dress.
– His disapproval was plain to see.
– The plane to London left at 3 p.m.
pupil pupil   – The teacher reminded the pupils to arrive on time.
– The pupil is in the centre of the iris of the eye.
race race   – “Which horse won the race on Saturday?”
– People of all races can live in harmony here.
rain   rein
reign
– Heavy rain caused flooding in the area.
– A rider uses reins to control his horse.
– How long did Queen Victoria reign ?
read   reed – He finds it difficult to read without his glasses.
 Reeds are grass-like plants that grow near the water.
right   write – “That’s right. Your answer is correct!”
– “I’m going to write a letter of application for the job.”
ring ring   – The young couple exchanged wedding rings.
– The children sat in a ring around the teacher.
– The church bells ring for the morning service.
roll   role – George Clooney played the main role in the film.
– They bought 3 rolls of wallpaper.
– Don’t let the ball roll across the road.
root   route – The root of a plant is in the soil.
– They looked for the straightest route home.
row row   – We got seats in the front row.
– Julie is not happy; she had a row with her boyfriend.
sail   sale – Jack got in his boat to sail  across the bay.
– The salesman gets a commission on each sale.
sea   see – Dolphins live in the sea.
– Look!  Can you see the dolphins?
sew sow   – A button fell off, so I had to sew it back on.
– Every spring he sows flower seeds in his garden.
sight site   – My grandfather can’t see well.  His sight is failing.
– The town authorities have bought a site for a school.
sole sole soul – There were holes in the soles of his shoes.
– He was the sole survivor of the plane crash.
– Christians believe that the soul exists after death.
some   sum  Some people fine English difficult, others find it easy.
– The sum of 2 and 2 is 4.
son   sun – Their son is called Tom; their daughter is called Eva.
– People wear suncream when they lie in the sun.
stair   stair  Stairs lead from one floor to another.
– It’s very rude to stare at other people.
stake stake steak – A strong wooden stick can be called a stake.
– Drive carefully; your life is at stake.
– His favourite meal is steak and chips.
steal   steel – It’s dishonest to steal. You must give that back!
 Steel is used to make vehicles and machinery.
suite   sweet – A set of rooms in a hotel is called a suite.
– Sugar has a sweet taste.
tail   tale – Cats and dogs have tails.
– Children love listening to fairy tales.
tear tear   – The story was so sad a tear rolled down her cheek.
– Be careful not to tear the newspaper
tip tip   – He gave the waiter a tip.
– Do you need some advice? I can give you a tip.
toast toast   – I usually have tea and toast for breakfast.
– Guests raise their glasses to toast the bridal couple.
toe   tow – Each foot has five toes.
 
The police will tow your car away if you park there.
vain vain vein – She’s a vain person who has a high opinion of herself.
– Our efforts were in vain; the project failed.
 Veins in the body carry blood to the heart.
waist   waste – She wore a red belt around her waist.
– Turn off the tap. We mustn’t waste water.
wait   weight – I had to wait 10 minutes for the bus.
– If you eat too much you’ll put on weight.
way   weigh – Can you tell me the way to the station please?
– That looks heavy. How much does it weigh?
weak   week – My mother still feels weak after her illness.
-There are seven days in a week.
which   witch  Which do you prefer, the blue one or the green one?
– In fairy stories a witch has evil powers
wind wind   – We can’t go windsurfing if there’s no wind.
– I’m going to wind a bandage around your arm.
wound wound   – I wound up the old alarm clock and got into bed.
– Several bullet wounds were found on his body.