English learners often find it difficult to know when to use ‘job’ and when to use ‘work’.
JOB generally refers to a function or position.
♦ Julie went to Japan and got a job as an English teacher.
♦ About 150 jobs will be created in the new industrial zone.
♦ Emily is an events manager. She loves her job.
♦ John is out of work at the moment. He’s busy applying for jobs.
♦ You’ll need a well-paid job if you want to live in central London.
A job can also be a task, an assignment or a chore.
♦ I had a hard job removing the stains.
♦ Charlie! It’s your job to mow the lawn!
♦ Stop interrupting her. Let her get on with the job!
Job is a countable noun. A person can have one job or several jobs.
♦ Bob took on a second job because he needed more money.
A job can be full-time or part-time, temporary or permanent.
Expressions with the word ‘job’ :
• You did a good/great job! → You succeeded in doing something well.
• It’s a good job Tom heard the customer complaining.→ Luckily Tom heard ….
• A plum job → A well-paid job that is considered relatively easy.
WORK refers to mental or physical activity.
♦ Emily works very hard. She has a lot of work to do.
♦ John is looking forward to going back to work/to working again.
♦ There’s a lot of work to be done to the old house.
Work is both a verb and an uncountable noun.
♦ Bob works in the oil industry.
♦ Many people apply for work in his company. (not: a work)
♦ Work on the project has not yet begun.
It can also refer to the place where you do your job.
♦ Where’s Dad? He’s at work.
♦ He arrives at work at 9 o’clock every morning.
♦ It is advisable not to make personal calls at work.
♦ I’ll buy some food on my way home from work.
Expressions with the word ‘work’ :
• Work like a charm (be very effective)
→ I cleaned it with vinegar and it worked like a charm!
• Work your fingers to the bone (work very hard)
→ He worked his fingers to the bone to have everything ready on time.