Although/even though and despite/in spite of are used to combine or link two contrasting statements.

  • Although/even though are followed by a subject and a verb. Even though is a slightly stronger form of ‘although’.

    Although and though have the same meaning and are interchangeable in most cases.
    ‘Though’ is less formal than ‘although’.
    Note: ‘Though’ can also be used as an adverb, means ‘however’: “He took my newspaper. I don’t mind, though.

      • Although/even though it was raining, she walked to the station.
      • Although/even though he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car.
      • Although/even though Amy was wearing glasses, she couldn’t read the notice.
      • Although/even though he disapproved, he said nothing.
      • Although/even though Jack had worked hard, he failed the exam.
  • Despite/in spite of are followed by a noun, a pronoun or a verb ending in -ing.
    (The gerund, a verb ending in -ing, is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.)N.B. Despite/in spite of  have the same meaning, but despite is used without ‘of’.


    • Despite/in spite of the rain he walked to the station.
    • He noticed the rain but he walked to the station in spite of it.
    • Despite being wet and tired, he walked to the station.
    • He decided to go sailing despite/in spite of the bad weather conditions.

He had enough money. He refused to buy a new car.

The above two statements can be combined as follows :

  • Although/even though he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car.
  • Despite/in spite of having enough money he refused to buy a new car.
  • He had enough money, but despite/in spite of that he refused to buy a new car.