Adverbs are used to say how, how often, where or in what manner we do something.
- She danced gracefully.
- They were all chatting happily when we arrived.
- He drove carefully along the icy road.
- The technician explained the problem very clearly.
- Tom often travels by train.
- The children are playing outside.
- Jane really likes that band.
|Formation of Adverbs
|Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the adjective.
|If the adjective ends in -l:
double the l:
|If the adjective ends in -y:
change the y to i:
|If the adjective ends in -able, -ible, or -le:
replace the final -e with -y.
|If the adjective ends in -ic:
public → publicly
Although they end in -ly, the following words are adjectives, NOT adverbs :
friendly, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly
Position of Adverbs
Different types of adverbs go in different positions.
|Usually go after the verb, or after the verb and the object.
|He spoke clearly.
He read the instructions carefully.
He read carefully the instructions
|If the object is long, the adverb can go before the verb.
|He slowly moved the newspaper and picked up the book.
|They go after the verb ‘be’.
|Tom is often late.
|They go before all other verbs.
|Eva sometimes takes the bus.
|Between two verbs if there are two.
|You can always change it later.
|After the first verb if there are more than two.
|I would never have found the way.
|Before two verbs if the second verb is an infinitive.
|We generally try to eat healthy food.
|Frequency phrases (e.g. once a week) go at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.
|Every so often Anna goes to the library.
She plays tennis once a week.
|Here, there, inside,etc. usually go at the end of a sentence.
|Come and sit here.
They are waiting inside.
|Really, quite, etc. usually go before the verb.
If there are two verbs they go between.
A lot, very much, etc. go at the end.
|I really love that dress.
I would just like a glass of water.
He watches television a lot.