Comparative adjectives are used to compare two things or people to each other.
- A bus is bigger than a car.
- Bill is older than Harry.
Superlative adjectives are used to compare one member of a group to the whole group.
- The Nile is the longest river in the world.
- In our class Maria is the oldest and Charlie is the youngest.
Formation of comparative and superlative forms of adjectives
Add : -er / -est to the adjective.
|Two or more syllables
Add: more-less or most-least
before the adjective.
|more interesting than
less practical than
|the most interesting
the least interesting
|Two syllables ending in -y
The ‘y‘ becomes ‘i‘
1) Some two-syllable adjectives have two possible forms of comparison, for example:
2) Adjectives ending with a vowel and a consonant double the consonant, for example:
except when the consonant is ‘w’or ‘y’ :