We use the present simple when we want to talk about fixed habits or routines – things that don’t change. For example, I wake up at 7am every day. It doesn’t mean what I am doing right now, but, as said before, expresses an idea of a routine or habitual activity. Other examples include: I speak English, I like football, I go to work every day. We form it by using the subject (for example ‘I’) and the verb (for example ‘speak’).

On the other hand, we use the present continuous to talk about actions which are happening at the present moment, but will soon finish. Examples of this include: I am sitting down, I am listening to music, I am writing this blog. We form the present continuous tense in a different way to the present simple. We still use the subject and the verb, but we add the verb ‘to be’ (I am, you are etc..) and the gerund at the end of the verb. For example, I+am+eat+ing.

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