Let’s talk about how to form adverbs from adjectives.
Firstly, we need to remind ourselves what an adjective is. An adjective is a word we use to describe something. Whilst many languages put the adjective after the noun, English has the adjective before the noun. Some examples of adjectives include big, small, happy, sad, red, blue. The formation of this in a sentence is article + adjective + noun. For example, a happy farmer.
Now we move onto adverbs. Adverbs are formed by adding the letters ‘ly’ to an adjective, and can either go before or after the verb in a sentence. Instead of saying ‘he is a quick writer’ we can use the adverb and say ‘he writes quickly’ or ‘he quickly writes’. Adverbs are a great way of increasing your English vocabulary!
One final thing to note is that if a noun ends in ‘y’, then the ‘y’ is changed to ‘I’ before the ‘ly’ is added. For example: ‘happy/happily‘.
In the following examples, the adjectives are red and the adverbs are blue:
He’s a beautiful singer. – He sings beautifully.
She’s a very quick runner. – She can run very quickly.
He’s a careless writer. – He writes carelessly.
Adverbs are also used to give extra information about adjectives (or other adverbs), as in the following examples:
I am extremely happy in my new job.
She’s in hospital with a seriously injured neck.
It’s incredibly easy to make a mistake when knitting.
The girl climbed dangerously high up the tree.
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